The processor socket is one of the most important components in a computer, as it connects the CPU to the motherboard. AMD has been at the forefront of developing advanced processor sockets for several years now, and two of their latest offerings are the AM4 and AM5 sockets. In this blog post, we will compare AM4 vs AM5 sockets in detail and help you decide which one is better for your PC.
What are AM4 and AM5 sockets?
Before we dive into the comparison, let’s first understand what these sockets are and what they offer.
The AM4 socket is a processor socket used by AMD Ryzen processors. It was introduced in 2016 with the launch of the first-generation Ryzen CPUs. It has since become the standard socket for all Ryzen CPUs, including the latest Ryzen 5000 series processors.
The AM4 socket has a pin grid array (PGA) design, which means the pins are located on the CPU instead of the socket. This design allows for better heat dissipation and also makes the CPU more durable. The AM4 socket supports dual-channel DDR4 memory, PCIe 3.0, and USB 3.1 Gen2.
The AM5 socket is the upcoming processor socket from AMD. It is expected to be released in 2022 with the launch of AMD’s next-generation Zen 4 CPUs. The AM5 socket will replace the AM4 socket and will be the new standard for all future Ryzen processors.
The AM5 socket will have a land grid array (LGA) design, which means the pins will be located on the socket instead of the CPU. This design allows for more precise pin placement and better electrical contact, resulting in improved performance. The AM5 socket is also expected to support DDR5 memory, PCIe 4.0, and USB 4.0.
Comparison between AM4 and AM5 sockets:
Now that we know what these sockets are, let’s compare them based on various factors:
As mentioned earlier, the AM4 socket has a PGA design, while the AM5 socket will have an LGA design. The LGA design is expected to provide better performance due to improved electrical contact, but it also means that the CPU will be more vulnerable to damage if mishandled.
- CPU Compatibility:
The AM4 socket is compatible with all Ryzen CPUs, while the AM5 socket will only be compatible with the upcoming Zen 4 CPUs. This means that if you want to upgrade to a Zen 4 CPU, you will need to buy a new motherboard with the AM5 socket.
- Memory Support:
The AM4 socket supports dual-channel DDR4 memory, while the AM5 socket is expected to support DDR5 memory. DDR5 memory is expected to provide higher bandwidth and lower power consumption than DDR4 memory.
- PCIe Support:
The AM4 socket supports PCIe 3.0, while the AM5 socket is expected to support PCIe 4.0. PCIe 4.0 offers twice the bandwidth of PCIe 3.0, which means faster data transfer and better overall performance.
- USB Support:
The AM4 socket supports USB 3.1 Gen2, while the AM5 socket is expected to support USB 4.0. USB 4.0 offers faster data transfer speeds and supports multiple devices simultaneously.
Which one should you choose?
The choice between AM4 and AM5 sockets largely depends on your requirements and budget. If you are building a new PC or planning to upgrade your CPU soon, then you may want to wait for the AM5 socket to be released. The AM5 socket is expected to offer better performance, higher memory bandwidth, and faster data transfer speeds
compared to the AM4 socket, which could translate to a better overall experience.
On the other hand, if you are currently using an AM4 socket motherboard and don’t plan on upgrading your CPU anytime soon, then sticking with the AM4 socket may be the better choice. The AM4 socket is already a well-established standard and offers a wide range of compatible CPUs to choose from. Additionally, since the AM5 socket is still unreleased, there is still some uncertainty around its performance and compatibility.
It’s also important to note that upgrading to the AM5 socket will require purchasing a new motherboard, which could be a significant cost factor depending on your budget.
|Factor||AM4 Socket||AM5 Socket|
|Design||PGA (pins on the CPU)||LGA (pins on the socket)|
|CPU Compatibility||Compatible with all Ryzen CPUs||Only compatible with Zen 4 CPUs|
|Memory Support||Dual-channel DDR4 memory||DDR5 memory (expected)|
|PCIe Support||PCIe 3.0||PCIe 4.0 (expected)|
|USB Support||USB 3.1 Gen2||USB 4.0 (expected)|
|Expected Release Date||Released in 2016, standard for all Ryzen CPUs||Expected release in 2022, will replace AM4 socket|
In conclusion, both AM4 and AM5 sockets have their own advantages and disadvantages. The AM4 socket is a well-established standard with a wide range of compatible CPUs and offers good performance for most users. However, if you are planning to build a new PC or upgrade your CPU in the near future, waiting for the AM5 socket may be a better option. The AM5 socket is expected to offer better performance, higher memory bandwidth, and faster data transfer speeds, but it will require purchasing a new motherboard. Ultimately, the choice between AM4 and AM5 sockets comes down to your individual requirements and budget.